Accent and Accent-Marking in Ancient Greek

Contonation and Mora

The Last 3 Syllables and the Accents
•more examples



Multiple Clitics

Traditional Terminology

Persistent Accentuation
• a- and o-declension
• consonant declension

Recessive Accentuation

The Last Three Syllables and the Accents (1 of 9)

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horizontal rule

Only the last three syllables of a word may be accented. These three syllables are traditionally referred to by terms derived from Latin:

  • ultima = “the last syllable” (abbreviated here as U)
  • penult = “almost last, second-to-last syllable” (abbreviated here as P)
  • antepenult = “before the penult, third-to-last syllable” (abbreviated here as A)

In what follows, the phrase “long ultima” (“long penult,” etc.) will mean “ultima (penult, etc.) containing a long vowel or diphthong.”

examples graphic

πόνον – short P, short U
πόνων – short P, long U

ὁδός – short P, short U
ὁδοῦ – short P, long U

δῶρον – long P, short U
δώρῳ – long P, long U

ἄνθρωποι – short U
ἀνθρώποις – long U